15. Venice’s perfume tradition has ancient roots. By the 18th century, the city became one of the most important centers for trading perfumes and pharmaceutical products, thanks to merchants importing spices and essential oils from the Orient. Spezieria all’Ercole d’Oro – established in 1650 – reached great success and popularity. The furniture and paneling are in walnut root wood, rich in details The walls feature four allegorical statues by Pietro Zandomeneghi, representing Botany, Medicine, Surgery and Physics. Over the years Spezieria hired skilled chemists and pharmacists.